This report discusses the major policies and initiatives through which public authorities in 28 European higher education systems support the enhancement of learning and teaching. It is a follow up to Trends 2018.
Trends 2018 provides an institutional perspective on the developments in the European Higher Education Area. It continues the work started by Trends 2015 in examining how European higher education institutions change and adapt their learning and teaching approaches in response to changing demand, technological and societal developments, and in consideration of European and national level policies and reforms.
A key point is how the implementation of learning outcomes and student-centred learning, central reform goals of the Bologna Process and the EU Modernisation Agenda has contributed to the enhancement of learning and teaching, and how, in turn, this has impacted institutional strategies and structures that support learning and teaching